Alpha" by the great Vangelis 

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Note: The retroactive portion of this section (prior to April 30, 1998) may be expanded over time based upon new information..  In time the list will grow to reflect a complete assemblage of impacting events in the pre-paradigm.   Feel free to wade in on matters of inclusion, exclusion and time value.
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Time Additional Event Explanation

>/<

  toward midnight >                  < away from midnight

>

11:59:45

The Paradigm Clock is reset

Based upon the items listed below, the Paradigm Clock is reset 60 seconds closer to midnight.

>

11:59:45

Crisis in America.

Based upon an analysis of multiple circumstances within and outside the nation, PRG has concluded that America is now facing an unprecedented crisis which has opened a window to disclosure wider than at any previous time.   PRG  believes this window will remain open through the November election and will begin to close after the election - the manner and speed of that closing dependent upon the outcome of the election.    PRG further believes that while an end to the truth embargo is at hand and could occur at any time, this outcome is still very much affected by the awareness level of the general public and the ability of research and activist organizations and other relevant NGOs to maintain a study and expanding pressure on the United States Congress, the present administration, aspiring federal candidates, other national governments, and most importantly, the American political media.

> 45 sec

11:59:00 After several false starts Air America Radio begins to make headway as a counter balance to conservative radio, approaching 100 markets.  This is facilitated by access to some stations owned by syndicate giant Clear Channel Communications, chastened in the aftermath of the Michael Powell fiasco at the Federal Communications Commission - the failed attempt to expanded conglomeration of media via new regulations.  The effort brought an intense scrutiny of Clear Channel Communications and its business practices.   The dominant theme on Air America programs becomes the consequences of government lying.  Abuse of power and excess secrecy are also featured.

> 5 sec

11:58:50

The Institute for Cooperation in Space requests Canadian Senator Colin Kenny, Senator, Chair of The Senate Standing Senate Committee on National Security and Defence, “schedule public hearings on the Canadian Exopolitics Initiative, so that witnesses such as the Hon. Paul Hellyer, and Canadian-connected high level military-intelligence, NORAD-connected, scientific, and governmental witnesses facilitated by the Disclosure Project and by the Toronto Exopolitics Symposium can present compelling evidence, testimony, and Public Policy recommendations.”

> 5 sec
11:58:45 In a speech at University of Toronto's Convocation Hall, Paul Hellyer, Canada’s Defence Minister from 1963-67 under Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Prime Minister Lester Pearson and Deputy Prime Minister under Pierre Tredeau, publicly states, "UFOs, are as real as the airplanes that fly over your head."    Hellyer further states, "The secrecy involved in all matters pertaining to the Roswell incident was unprecedented  The classification was, from the outset, above top secret, so the vast majority of U.S. officials and politicians, let alone a mere allied minister of defence, were never in-the-loop."

> 5 sec

11:58:40
Brazil Releases Classified Data - Recognizes UFO Research  - The Brazilian Air Force (FAB), almost certainly with the approval of  Minister of Defense and Vice President, José Alencar, enters into an agreement with civilian researchers to release information and jointly investigate UFO incidents.

The Brazilian Air Force (FAB) recognizes Ufology as a serious activity and officially receives a committee of  UFO researchers to openly discuss sightings in the country and fully examine classified UFO documents in several military facilities in Brasilia, the Federal Capital. . "We want to have all info on the subject, that is withheld by us for some decades, fully released to public, through the UFO community", declares brigadier Telles Ribeiro, chief of the Brazilian Air Force Communication Center.     The Air Force received the Brazilian Committee of UFO Researchers (CBU), composed of 6 UFO civilian researchers: Claudeir Covo, Marco Petit, Rafael Cury, Reginaldo de Athayde, Fernando Ramalho and A. J. Gevaerd.

> 10 sec

11:58:30

The first two conferences devoted specifically to the political implications of extraterrestrial-related phenomena and disclosure are held just outside of Washington, DC.   X-Conferences 2004 and 2005 attract considerable media attention, new government witnesses and launch numerous projects and documentaries.  At the 2005 conference former Vatican official, Monsignor Corrado Ballducci, speaks in the United States for the first time regarding the truth of an extraterrestrial presence engaging the human race.

> 5 sec
11:58:25 President George W. Bush is reelected.

In another very close election (by electoral votes) the American people reelect the most secretive president in American history.   During his first term the sitting President gave no public indication of any kind he was aware of or interested in the question of an extraterrestrial presence.  More importantly his policies created great controversy and intense focus by the media on very terrestrial matters such as war, peace, the economy and scandal.

< 30 sec
11:58:55 Dr. John E. Mack is killed in London in an automobile accident. Details.

Perhaps the most significant loss to the research/activism since the death by suicide of Dr. James E. McDonald in 1971.  Dr. Mack was undiminished in vigor, was the field's most important academic, an invaluable (though undesired) connection to Harvard University, and, along with Dr. David Jacobs of Temple University and Budd Hopkins, one of the most important researchers into the contactee/abduction phenomenon in the world.  His death resulted in the suspension of principal activities of the John E. Mack Institute and the Center for Psychology and Social Change.

< 5 sec
11:59:00

Producer, director, writer and actor Dan Aykroyd becomes the first A-list celebrity to allow his or her name and image to be used to support extraterrestrial-related phenomena research.  He publicly endorses the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON).

This opens the door for more celebrities to come forward with endorsements and direct support of the research and the activism.  Such a circumstance could end the truth embargo quickly.

> 5 sec

11:58:55 Mexico's DoD Releases Video to UFO Research Team - The Department of  Defense of Mexico with the approval of Mexican Secretary of Defense, General Clemente Vega Garcia (and almost certainly Mexican President Vicente Fox), holds an international press conference at the Hotel Sevilla Palace in Mexico City.    The Department of Defense releases air surveillance evidence of an unusual sighting to a civilian research team headed by  researcher and journalist, Jaime Maussan and confirms a joint investigative effort.  

The incident under investigation involved a Mexican Air Force airplane and military pilots doing a routine antinarcotics surveillance operation to detect drug smuggling flights.   The sightings were made by forward looking infrared imaging devices and remain unsolved, though a case has been made for offshore oil rig  flares.   Regardless of the outcome, the proactive, public actions of the Department of Defense was extraordinary.

> 10 sec

11:58:45

The Paradigm Clock is reset

Based upon the items listed below, the Paradigm Clock is reset 15 seconds closer to midnight.

>

11:58:45

John Kerry essentially locks up the Democrat Party nominee, thus creating the prospect of two alumni of the Yale University based secret society, Skull and Bones, facing each other on the November presidential ballot.  Recent books by Alexandra Robbins Kris Milligan and Steven Sora begin receiving national attention.  While the top-tier political media predictably treat this as a joke, this notable circumstance, coupled with the actions of President Bush listed below, places the issue of government and cabalistic secrecy as a societal detriment more prominently on the nation's radar.  

> 5 sec
11:58:40

 A political firestorm develops over the quality, source and veracity of U.S. intelligence regarding weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.  The matter of government propaganda and possible misrepresentation of facts to the America people regarding major issues is elevated to a degree not seen since Iran Contra in the mid 1980's.  Secrecy reformers and reform organizations such as Steven Aftergood and the Federation of American Scientists begin receiving greater attention.

> 5 sec
11:58:35

For the first time an orbiter circled the planet Mars (the Mars Express) which was not under United States control (European Space Agency).   [The only other non-US attempts - six  Soviet and one Japanese - all failed.]   Consequently, barring secret side agreements, the matter of Martian exoarcheology is now not solely in the control of NASA, JPL and the U.S. government.

A confirmation of Mars exoarcheology, though much tamer than disclosure of an ongoing extraterrestrial presence, would open up the flood gates and likely lead to formal disclosure in a matter of months.  

> 10 sec
11:58:25

October 2003 Numerous newspaper articles covering the opening of the Center for American Progress mention millions of dollars of financial backing from George Soros, thus placing the billionaire financier just one degree of separation from the issues of extraterrestrial phenomena and disclosure.

10/28/03 Just seven days after the Sci Fi Channel/CFI second NPC press conference, a new liberal think tank headed by John Podesta,  Center for American Progress, opens it doors.

10/21/03 The Sci Fi Channel and the Coalition for Freedom of Information hold a second press conference at the National Press Club announcing their intentions to file law suits to pressure the Department of Defense and National Aeronautics and Space Administration over documents pertaining to the 1965 Kecksburg, PA events.

As usual this extraordinary emerging development is initially ignored by the political media in Washington, DC.   A powerful Washington insider with major financial backers and contacts within the Democratic Party, has publicly connected himself to the UFO/ET/Disclosure issue without any apparent negative impact on his clout.   A K-Street law firm is on board filing FOIA requests.  And John Podesta's brother's powerful public relations firm, PodestaMatoon, is representing CFI which is backed by a major cable channel.   The Washington Post; Washington Times; ABC, NBC, CBS, FOX News and the Capitol Hill newspapers can only ignore this for so long.  Something has to give. 

> 10 sec
11:58:15

9/17/03  President George W. Bush issues an order under Executive Order 12958 of April 17, 1995, as amended extending "Top Secret" classification authority to the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy.

9/16/03  President George W. Bush issues Presidential Determination No. 2003-39, which continues to "exempt the Air Force's operating location near Groom Lake, Nevada, from any Federal, State, interstate or local provision respecting control and abatement of solid waste or hazardous waste disposal that would require the disclosure of classified information concerning the operating location to any unauthorized person."

11/01/01  President George W. Bush issues Executive Order 13233 significantly altering the Presidential Records Act and placing the disposition of Ronald Reagan's Presidential papers and George H. W. Bush's Vice Presidential papers under his control

A non-trivial question arises here: is the President moving to shore up the government imposed truth embargo, or is he battening down the hatches before proceeding with formal disclosure in order to manage post-disclosure demands for information?

< 15 sec
11:58:30

The Paradigm Clock is reset

Based upon the items listed below, the Paradigm Clock is reset 30 seconds closer to midnight.

>

11:58:30

The main advertising campaign begins for a massive production, Taken, from Steven Spielberg.   

This 20-hour, 10-part series will be aired on the SCI FI Channel in December and will be accompanied by several documentaries.    Taken will bring  the abductee/ contactee/experiencer phenomenon to the attention of tens of millions world wide.  Taken will draw upon the major UFO/ET events of the last 55 years.

> 10 sec

11:58:20

The Republican Party gains control of the House and Senate in the mid-term election. 

As described below, it is the view of Paradigm Research Group that conditions favorable for disclosure from the government's perspective are present.    The primary issue is one of control, which is substantially enhanced by a rare instance of  unified government.  

> 5 sec

11:58:15

A milestone is reached, when independent candidate, Stephen Bassett, becomes the first person to appear on a November ballot in a federal election, while speaking directly to the reality of an extraterrestrial presence.

The campaign is titled Disclosure2003 and takes place in the Washington, DC metro area in the 8th Congressional District of Maryland.  Mr. Bassett appears in several debates with Republican incumbent, Connie Morella, and eventual winner, Democrat Chris Van Hollen.

> 5 sec

11:58:10

John Podesta, former key advisor and White House Chief of Staff during the Clinton Administration, presents at the SCI FI press conference as a principal in the retained public relations firm, PodestaMattoon. 

John Podesta, former Chief of Staff to President Clinton (1998-2001), stated at the SCI FI Channel press conference, "It is time for the government to declassify records that are more than 25 years old and to provide scientists with data that will assist in determining the real nature of this phenomenon."   

Podesta's involvement with this issue deserves a separate listing here for several reasons.  One in particular stands out.  From January 1993 to 1995 he was Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary.  He managed the paper flow to and from the President.  He also served as a senior policy advisor to the President on government information, privacy, telecommunications security and regulatory policy.

Thus, Mr. Podesta was a key advisor to the President during the period when Laurance Rockefeller funded and conducted an initiative to, in effect, convince Clinton to be the “Disclosure President” (1993-1996).  [Note: see www.presidentialufo.com]   Clinton was personally briefed on the UFO/ET question by Rockefeller.  Other briefing materials were presented to Clinton’s chief advisors – Lindsay, Lake and Gibbons.  The initiative was abandoned in 1996 as the scandals expanded and accompanying pressures mounted on the Administration.

> 5 sec

11:58:05

The SCI FI Channel, owned by multi-billion dollar, multi-national Vivendi Universal, launches a set of disclosure advocacy initiatives.

An advocacy organization is formed - Coalition for Freedom of Information (CFI).  The K Street law firm of Lobel, Novins & Lamont is contracted to advance new FOIA requests for UFO/ET related documents, and the public relations firm of PodestaMattoon  is retained to represent CFI in Washington.  The SCI FI Channel also commissions a new Roper poll on public awareness of the UFO/ET issue (68% feel the government is not telling the truth) and announces an unprecedented excavation project conducted at the 1947 Roswell crash sites.  A series of symposiums will be conducted with top researchers.

> 10 sec

11:57:55

A national and international effort to motivate Iraq to disarm or undergo a regime change is conducted. 

This adds to the domination of the news by national security issues and poses much uncertainty for the first half of 2003.

< 15 sec

11:58:10

The Data Quality Act takes effect.  

This little-known law passed during the last days of the Clinton Administration may provide a new tool to pry information from the government.  It sets standards for the quality of scientific and statistical information put out by federal agencies.  It is expected that UFO/ET research/ activist organizations will put it to use immediately, as they did with the FOIA.

> 5 sec

11:58:05

A year's worth of images from the Mars 2001 Odyssey orbiter Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) plus new images from the Mars Global Surveyor are intensely scrutinized.   The anomalies controversy remains alive.

Over 112,000 images have now been returned by Mars Global Surveyor and are being examined around the world along with the infrared images of Mars from THEMIS.    

> 5 sec

11:58:00 The Paradigm Clock is reset

Based upon the items listed below, the Paradigm Clock is reset 1 minute further from midnight.

<
11:58:00

The United States undergoes a significant transformation which extends to domestic and foreign posture as well as public demeanor. 

A dramatic transformation takes place on many fronts.    The campaign against terrorists operating out of Afghanistan moves quickly.   Thousands of suspects, material witnesses, and others are rounded up and detained around the world.   Terrorists and their leaders are captured.   Afghanistan is liberated from Taliban rule.

Patriotism surges within the United States, the approval level of the President attains historic levels, trust in government as polled increases, within the general public appreciation for the intelligence agencies, military services and the Department of Defense is  significantly enhanced.  The general public accepts new security measures and other legal changes with little objection. 

To briefly sum a very complex dynamic, the conditions under which formal acknowledgment of an extraterrestrial presence might take place, from the government's perspective, become ideal.  These new conditions include the circumstance of a Republican president very popular with the military and intelligence community as well as strong defense/security leaning officials at the Department of State, Vice Presidency, CIA, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Department of Justice as well as deputy directors.

The effect is to create a window of opportunity after the mid-term election, in which the government could initiate formal disclosure from a position of strength and control.

> 1 min
11:57:00 The United States is attacked on a grand scale by terrorist squads working on behalf of foreign organizations.

The effect of this event on ongoing, unresolved political issues is profound.   Across the board political initiatives are tabled.  Access to politicians and political media on behalf controversial issues not related to terrorism and homeland security is severely restricted.   A high degree of uncertainty develops as to when and how the national security can be assured.    Talk of a "War on Terrorism" lasting for years is frequent by administration officials.   Consequently, the ability to pursue the process of disclosure is significantly set back.   Further, the unstable world situation can be used as an argument against disclosure on the basis of untimely additional instability. 

< 2 min
11:59:00 The Paradigm Clock is reset

Based upon the items listed just below, the Paradigm Clock is reset 50 seconds closer to midnight.

>
11:59:00 The media coverage of the Disclosure Project press coverage is extensive and international.   Further, the webcast [archived at www.connectlive.com/events/disclosureproject] of the press conference by Connect Live receives several hundred thousand log-ins.  Other news entities indicate further coverage is pending.  

The following websites are monitoring this media coverage:  www.disclosureproject.org,    www.paradigmclock.comwww.x-ppac.org, www.enterprisemission.comhttp://home.sprynet.com/~pnahay

> 10 sec
11:58:50 The Disclosure Project [www.disclosureproject.org] holds a press conference at the National Press Club in Washington, DC where the testimony of 75 witnesses, mostly former military and government agency employees, to UFO/ET evidence and events was presented to the national and international press. 

A 4-hour tape condensing 120 hours of witness interviews is presented along with a substantial briefing document.  Twenty-one of the witnesses are present and recount their testimony at the press conference and subsequent meetings on Capitol Hill.

> 15 sec
11:58:35 Yale educated astronomer Thomas Van Flandern presents a compendium of evidence for artificial structures on Mars at a press conference held at the National Press Club in Washington, DC.  It is webcast worldwide and archived at www.connectlive.com/events/metaresearch by Connect Live.   The PowerPoint presentation itself can be found at:  www.metaresearch.org

The work of Dr. Van Flandern perfectly represents the great difficulty encountered by any scientist who dares to asset any evidence which points to sentient extraterrestrial beings, living or long dead.   Nevertheless, his milestone press conference at the NPC inched the clock forward.  

> 5 sec
11:58:30 Arthur C. Clarke meets with astronaut Buzz Aldrin in Sri Lanka with Andrew Chaikin, editor of Space.com’s Space Illustrated Magazine, listening in.  He states, “I'm fairly convinced that we have discovered life on Mars. There are some incredible photographs from [the Jet Propulsion Laboratory], which to me are pretty convincing proof of the existence of large forms of life on Mars!  Have a look at them.  I don't see any other interpretation."  www.space.com/peopleinterviews/clarke_believe_010227.html

This view is restated numerous times over the ensuing weeks.   In the Aldrin meeting Clarke also broaches the issue of zero point energy and states, “….I'm now convinced that there are new forms of energy, which we are tapping, and they make even nuclear energy look trivial in comparison. And when we control those energy sources, the universe will open up."

> 5 sec
11:58:25 George W. Bush becomes the 43rd President of the United States.

The new president is much more palatable as a potential "disclosure president" to a military/intelligence community which by the mid 1990s was overwhelmingly registered as Republicans.

> 15 sec
11:58:10

The Paradigm Clock is reset

Based upon the items listed below, the Paradigm Clock is reset 55 seconds closer to midnight.

>
11:58:10 On Coast to Coast AM with Mike Siegel, noted legal/social activist, Daniel Sheehan,, confirms the existence of remarkable evidence in files presented to him during his work on a 1977 research report on extraterrestrial intelligence initiated by President Jimmy Carter.    Former Stanford Research Institute futurist and author of the new eBook Exopolitics, Alfred Webre, who also worked on that report, confirms the project was shut down prematurely.   Daniel Sheehan also commits the resources of the Christic Institute to the formal disclosure process.  Both publicly state strong convictions regarding the ET hypothesis. > 5 sec
11:58:05 MSNBC airs a substantive one-hour news documentary on the UFO/ET issue. > 5 sec
11:58:00

Internet entrepreneur, Joseph Firmage, who has publicly stated his belief in a extraterrestrial presence, launches an integrated media network, Project Voyager, with Ann Druyan, widow of the late Dr. Carl Sagan.   Firmage also states that his venture capital firm, Intend Change, has amassed $225 million.

The saga of Joe Firmage represents one of the great missed opportunities in the disclosure timeline.  Someone with youth, intellect, a great deal of money and credentials as a successful high tech entrepreneur held for a time the power to dramatically impact the disclosure process.  When it was over the money was virtually gone and confusion, distrust and division had been sown.  Nevertheless, for a brief moment Joe Firmage held the paradigm shift in the palms of his hands.

> 5 sec
11:57:55 NASA holds a press conference to announce photographic evidence pointing toward active subterranean water on Mars. > 5 sec
11:57:50 Lt. Col. Philip Corso comes under intense attack by researchers when FBI files on him are released to and then partially published by Larry Bryant.  These files contain much negative material written up by FBI agents over a span of several decades. < 5 sec
11:57:55 The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) releases 27,000 new Mars photos onto the Internet which immediately come under close scrutiny by a host of Mars researchers.  The archive covers one Mars year, 687 Earth days, beginning in September 1997 and extending through August 1999. > 5 sec
11:57:50 Leslie Kean, an accomplished freelance journalist, publishes in the Boston Globe an extended piece on the UFO/ET issue, focusing on the  COMETA report soon to be published in the U.S. in English.  The Globe is one the top ten dailies in America.  The Minneapolis Star-Tribune (May 29), Memphis Commercial Appeal, Irish Independent (June 27), and VSD Magazine (July) follow up with versions of the story.

This story marks the beginning of Kean's involvement in the field which continues to the present day.   She has published other pieces and maintained a high degree of objectivity.  She made it a little easier for other journalists to follow.

> 7 sec
11:57:43 Heather Ann Harder includes the extraterrestrial phenomena issue in her Democratic primary campaign for President.   Receives substantial votes in New Hampshire and Texas.

Every instance in which candidates speak openly regarding the UFO/ET issues is impacting.   Heather receives some national attention while being poised and erudite on a number of issues.

> 3 sec
11:57:40 Art Bell steps down as host of Coast to Coast AM and is replaced by Mike Siegel.   Siegel and Premiere Radio Networks make it clear the program will remain devoted to the program's past subject matter, including, of course, the UFO/ET/Disclosure issues.   Siegel, who has a Ph.D. and a law degree, demonstrates keen interest in the politics of disclosure. > 5 sec
11:57:35 The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) release new photographs of the Cydonia region of Mars which had been held back in violation of an agreement to publish such photos quickly. > 5 sec
11:57:30 A Canadian cable television technician reveals he has taped thousands of hours of direct NASA Shuttle mission videos.  Martyn Stubbs comes forward with some anomalous imagery and thousands of hours of more tape to examine. > 5 sec
11:57:25

Touchstone Pictures releases Brian DePalma's provocative movie, Mission to Mars, and introduces the Cydonia/Face controversy to millions of Americans.

This underrated movie wonderfully uses the Cydonia arcology to make a fine story and helps elevate pubic awareness of the work of Richard C. Hoagland.

> 5 sec
11:57:20

Dr. John Mack publishes Passport to the Cosmos: Human Transformation and Alien Encounters his long awaited follow-up to Abduction: Human Encounters with Aliens.

This book serves notice that Mack has not withdrawn from the issue after considerable personal discomfort and attack.   With this book and later public statements he categorically asserts the fact of an extraterrestrial presence engaging the human race.

> 5 sec
11:57:15 The Paradigm Clock is reset

Based upon the items listed below, coupled with the further airing of new documentaries on TLC, Discovery, A & E, etc., coupled with a lack of any significant recent setbacks - the Paradigm Clock is reset 45 seconds closer to midnight.

>
11:57:15 X-PPAC, the first political action committee in history targeting the politics of  UFO/ET phenomena and the government cover-up is announced on Art Bell's Coast to Coast late night talk show.

Such a vehicle provides the public with a safe, responsible and  direct way to show their concerns about the UFO/ET cover-up.  Should they elect to "vote with their pocketbook" there would certainly be extensive media attention.   Financial reporting required by the Federal Election Commission instills trust in potential contributors that their funding will make a difference.

> 10 sec
11:57:05 In France a study conducted by COMETA, former high ranking members of the French government, indicates high likelihood for the ET hypothesis.  The NATO embargo coalition begins to weaken.

The report is titled "UFOs and Defence. What must we get prepared for?"  Members of COMETA include Air Force generals Denis Letty and Bruno Le Moine, Admiral Marc Merlo, Professor André Lebeau, former President of CNES, and the report is prefaced by General Bernard Norlain, former Director of IHEDN (Institute of Higher Defence Studies). The report confirms as "quasi certain" the reality of UFOs, and considers as very probable the UFO crash near Roswell.

> 10 sec
11:56:55 Clark C. McClelland, an aerospace engineer and former NASA employee, goes public with personal testimony regarding NASA/UFO related events during his tenure. He is a significant addition to a growing list of government employees willing to come forward with such testimony. > 5 sec
11:56:50

The National Institute of Discovery Science (NIDS) releases results of a new Roper Poll on public awareness of the UFO/ET reality.

NIDS is a privately funded research organization based in Las Vegas and headed by Robert Bigelow.  It is giving clear signs of becoming more open in its activities and aggressive in its research.

> 5 sec
11:56:45

The MUFON Board of Directors votes to formally support the State Ballot Initiative.

This effort was created by Robert Bletchman and Larry Bryant to place language calling for open Congressional hearings on ballots in 16 states in 2000.   These states, which include California and Arizona, permit binding legislation to be passed via referendum.  This marks the first time in its 30 year history that MUFON entered into the politics of disclosure.

> 5 sec
11:56:40

Entrepreneur Joseph Firmage announces the publishing of his internet book The Truth and begins a complex process of engagement with the issue and the media.

Firmage is the wealthy co-founder of USWeb Corporation.  Over the next three months his views on UFOs result in his stepping down as chairman of his company just as it is about to complete a $300 million merger.   He then runs a full page ad in the USA Today newspaper. His frank views, great wealth and apparent sacrifice draw enormous media attention to the UFO/ET research field.    Later in 1999 he announces the creation of the International Space Sciences Organization (ISSO) and its website. He also states his intention to begin a marketing website called Earth's City with profits directed at global causes.  All of this activity plus a national speaking tour continue to attract major media attention.   On NBC Dateline he explicitly states his certainty of the extraterrestrial presence.

> 8 sec
11:56:32

Francis Emma Barwood includes the extraterrestrial phenomena issue in her Republican primary campaign for Arizona Secretary of State.

Every instance in which candidates speak openly regarding the UFO/ET issues is impacting.   Francis receives national attention because of her actions while chairperson of the Phoenix City Council regarding the 1997 Phoenix Lights event.

> 2 sec
11:56:30

The Paradigm Clock is reset

The death of Col. Philip Corso before he was interviewed by the major media, the failure of the media to look closer at the Mars Global Surveyor photos of Cydonia and the failure to get additional Cydonia photos before the spring of 1999 were significant setbacks to the disclosure process.   Though partially offset by the Society for Scientific Exploration report, the effect on the Paradigm Clock is a net 30 second regression.

<
11:56:30

Col. Philip Corso, author of  The Day After Roswell , dies of a heart attack in Florida.

Remarkably, during the 15 months since the publication of his memoir the Department of Defense, Army, Air Force or Congress never publicly responded to Colonel Corso's extraordinary allegations.   Also of significance, the major newspapers and networks never followed the lead he courageously provided. 

If the government's strategy was to wait out Col. Corso's last days, it succeeded.    When the Army inevitably does respond, he will be unable to personally address attacks on his credibility.

What basis lay behind the inaction of the news media, only the editors know.    This amazing act of journalistic paralysis will eventually have to be accounted for - Brill's Content, are you listening?

< 10 sec

11:56:40

The Society for Scientific Exploration publishes its analysis of major UFO incidents and calls for new investigation.

Peter Sturrock of Stanford University  leads a panel of scientists from MIT, Princeton, Cornell, U. of Virginia, U. Arizona and institutions in France and Germany in reviewing major UFO incidents.   The 50-page study calls for renewed investigation of UFO and cites the scientific community for a failure of curiosity. 

Significant media attention introduces the public to the financial support coming from Laurance Rockefeller. The credibility of the field of UFO research is enhanced.

> 10 sec

11:56:30

In spite of pressure from the public and activist organizations, no further Cydonia photos are to be taken until the spring of 1999 by the Mars Global Surveyor.

New photos having the power to add to and confirm numerous anomalies in the three Cydonia photos are delayed and  subject to the loss of camera function or the Mars Global Surveyor itself prior to the mapping mission segment in 1999.

< 15 sec
11:56:45

Col. Philip Corso, author of  The Day After Roswell , signs an affidavit in support of the CAUS FOIA lawsuit.

By signing a legal affidavit which would be used by CAUS in its FOIA lawsuit against the Army, Col. Corso exposed himself to possible perjury and reinforced his commitment to the truth as he wrote it.   The stage was set for a showdown in federal court.

> 5 sec
11:56:40

The major media fail to thoroughly cover the three MGS photos, dismissing the artificiality hypothesis based upon the very first, low resolution image of the "Face."

NASA, the chief scientific agency dealing with space, made it clear it would do no analysis and make no formal comment on the MGS photos of Cydonia.  Showing no interest in analysis or enhancement by private scientists, the major American newspapers and television networks publish the initial unenhanced, low resolution image of the "Face" and dismiss the artificiality hypothesis out of hand.

< 20 sec

11:57:00

The Paradigm Clock is published to the World Wide Web

Providing a focal point for the media, it advances the clock due to increased public awareness.

> 10 sec

11:57:00

Rephotographing of the Cydonia region on Mars by NASA begins and three decades after the Viking mission, three new photographs of Cydonia are published to the internet by NASA and JPL. 

A significant barrier is breached opening up the possibility of key new evidence.

> 10 sec

11:56:50

Sarah McClendon, White House Correspondent to eleven Presidents, publishes, "Lid Coming Off Government Cover-up of UFOs."

Courage of revered journalist may influence others to address the issue.

> 10 sec

11:56:40

Dr. Tom Van Flandern presents his findings on the Mars "Face" to the American Astronomical Society.

A powerful presentation to a mainstream scientific body expressing near certainty the Mars Cydonia structures are artificial.

> 10 sec

11:56:30

Dr. Steven Greer of CSETI states publicly on the Art Bell Radio Talk Show he briefed sitting CIA Director Admiral James Woolsey for 3 hours on the UFO evidence.

Opens the door for the McClendon story and puts pressure on government officials to respond. Numerous options for media to query stated sources.

> 10 sec

11:56:20

Cable Television: Discovery, Learning, Arts and Entertainment and History Channels begin airing and re-airing a stream of documentaries on extraterrestrial related phenomena.

Incalculable increase in public awareness will have profound effects on politicians and levels of citizen activism.

> 30 sec

11:55:50

Publication of Phillip Corso’s The Day After Roswell

Major challenge to government silence and potential media story. Creates leverage for CAUS to file FOIA case as well as providing a significant lobbying tool.

> 25 sec

11:55:30

Contact opens.

Millions view one of the most powerful renditions of the emotional and cultural forces driving the demands of the public for disclosure.

> 10 sec

11:55:20

Alien Autopsy film is heavily debunked and does not advance.

The hoax factor is powerfully introduced again affecting media and public interest.

< 10 sec

11:55:30

Mexico City video is taken of near saucer. Witnesses are eventually found.

A major sighting begins the usual journey of confirmation and debunking.

> 10 sec

11:55:10

Major conference and media event is held in Roswell, NM. 17 nations send 200+ journalists to cover the event.

Largest concentrated media coverage in history of the phenomena. Underrated.

> 1 min

11:54:25

CSETI holds a press and Congressional briefing at the Westin Hotel in Washington, DC

The formal engagement of the press and Congress opens the door for Congressional hearing discussions.

> 20 sec

11:54:10

UFO sighting over Phoenix and the state of Arizona.

A major event triggering the candidacy of Frances Emma Barwood, national media coverage and increased public skepticism of the government’s posture.

> 30 sec

11:53:40

The Rockefeller initiative ends.

Frustrated by the inability to motivate the Clinton administration amidst a three ring circus of political attacks (perhaps partially driven by fear of Clinton becoming the "disclosure president), an aging Laurance Rockefeller withdraws from the issue into semi-retirement.  He would die in 2004 at the age of 92. 

< 30 sec

11:53:50

Airing of the NOVA video on alien abduction on national television.

The prestigious NOVA program sets back the public perception of the work Dr. John Mack and Budd Hopkins thus stanching a growing media coverage of the abduction/experiencer phenomenon.

< 10 sec

11:54:00

The Project Watchfire/UFO Forum (reincarnated as Destination Space) website is launched by Microsoft Network.

MSN funds the development of a significant resource with the implied imprimatur.

> 5 sec

11:53:50

Alien autopsy film is aired for the first time on national television.

Striking video captures the public’s attention and new media interest in Roswell.

> 10 sec

11:53:40

Harvard’s investigation of Dr. Mack closes without censure.

Dr. Mack’s costly victory receives far less attention than the challenge itself.

> 10 sec

11:53:30

Harvard’s "Special Faculty Committee" assesses Dr. John Mack’s work.

This major challenge to academic freedom sends an ominous message to professors and researchers around the country contemplating engaging the issues.

< 10 sec

11:53:50

Publication of Dr. John Mack’s Abduction: Human Encounters with Aliens

This may prove one of the most important books of the 20th Century. It marked the formal commitment of one of the nation’s most prestigious intellectuals to the field and connected Harvard to the issue against its will at great risk to the author.

> 10 sec

11:53:40

The Rockefeller initiative to convince President Clinton to end the cover-up begins.

One of the most provocative stories in presidential history is still little known to the general public.  Laurance Rockefeller, the most advanced thinker born into this most famous of American families, made a concerted effort to approach and convince President William Jefferson Clinton to be the "disclosure president."   Clinton could not embrace this calling and went on to create another kind of legacy.

> 15 sec

11:53:25

George H. W. Bush and the Republican Party lose the presidency to William Clinton.

As demonstrated in Pew Research Institute surveys, the military officer corps and intelligence agency managers are by 1992 overwhelmingly registered Republican.  Worse, there is such contempt for the new president within the ranks, directives are sent out by the services threatening severe penalties for open displays of disdain by officers and enlisted personnel.     PRG believes there was little support for having the mantle of "disclosure president" fall on Clinton.   Further, efforts to remove Clinton could have been partially motivated by a desire to preserve that legacy for a Republican president before the cover-up collapsed under emerging witness testimony.

< 25 sec

11:53:50

Abduction Study Conference is held at MIT.

Every effort is made to create a fully professional symposium in the right setting. Lack of subsequent conferences mitigates the impact.

> 10 sec

11:53:40

The Soviet Union dismantles into separate republics.  The Cold War is officially over.

The end of the Cold War is the most important milestone in the "politics of disclosure."   With nuclear war on a global scale put aside, retired military and agency employees with UFO/ET related stories to tell begin coming forward.    The emergence of first-hand witnesses begins slowly and becomes a torrent by the end of the decade.    Each new witnesses makes it easier for the next one to step forward.

> 80 sec

11:52:20

Perhaps the largest and most sustained UFO sighting flap in modern history begins in Mexico City with disk sightings during a solar eclipse.

The most important UFO flap in history. Were the Mexico sightings happening over Philadelphia and not Mexico City, the Paradigm Clock might well have struck midnight years ago. Xenophobia, racism and the firewall of resistance combine to keep midnight at bay awhile longer.

> 10 sec

11:52:10

Linda Cortile (Napolitano) is abducted through the window of her New York apartment.   The event is witnessed by several people from the Brooklyn Bridge.

This well researched case goes on to receive international attention with the publication in 1996 of Budd Hopkins' Witnessed.

> 5 sec

11:52:05

Publication of Whitley Strieber’s Communion

Perhaps the most important book published on the abduction phenomenon. A gifted novelist, by chance an experiencer, risks all to give the public the most compelling personal account in print and triggers countless others to come forward with new reports.

> 5 sec

11:52:00

Publication of Richard Hoagland’s Monuments of Mars: City on the Edge of Forever

Formal beginning of a crusade to keep the space program honest. Single most powerful book on exo-archeology in print.

> 5 sec

11:51:55

Majestic-12 documents are delivered to Jaime Shandera.

Real or fake, they have the effect of putting an operational context to government action and draw much attention to the field.

> 10 sec

11:51:45

The film E.T. opens.

The most popular movie in history embeds in the subconscious of an entire generation a non-threatening representation of the Paradigm Line.

> 10 sec

11:51:35

Strange Harvest is aired for the first time on national television.

The Emmy Award winning introduction to the general public of yet a new extraterrestrial related phenomenon - one that is tangible and powerfully visual.

> 5sec

11:51:30

Bentwaters/Woodbridge RAF Bases encounter in Rendlesham Forest

Classic multiple witness encounter with government involvement draws attention.  It has never been resolved and was recently enhanced by the sudden release of documents by the British government.

> 10 sec

11:51:20

Vince DiPietro rediscovers the Mars "Face" originally noted by Toby Owen in 1976 in a Viking Orbiter 1 photograph.

The modern ear of exo-archeology is born in a simple act of paying attention.

> 10 sec

11:51:10

Close Encounters of the Third Kind opens.

The most powerful artistic representation of the Paradigm Line conceived to date draws huge public affection and renews the spirits of the researchers worldwide.

> 10 sec

11:51:00

Crop circles come to the attention of the general public.

A new and very accessible phenomenon opens a non-threatening field of study.

> 15 sec

11:50:45

The abduction of  Jack and Jim Weiner, Chuck Rak and Charlie Foltz takes place in the Allagash Wilderness Waterway in Maine.

The Allagash case becomes one of the most publicized and heavily researched of all reported alien abductions.   The story begins to emerge in 1988 and leads to an important book by Raymond Fowler, The Allagash Abductions, in May of 1993.  Jack and Jim Weiner go on to be very intelligent and credible spokesmen for their experience and the phenomenon.

> 5 sec

11:50:40

Travis Walton is abducted in the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest in northeastern Arizona while doing logging work    Six fellow loggers witness the event.

The Walton case gets immediate public attention and becomes the first major abduction case to do so since the publication of the Betty and Barney Hill case.   It is also notable because of the presence of six witnesses.  It goes on to be chronicled in the book and movie of the same name, Fire in the Sky.  

> 10 sec

11:50:30

CUFOS (Center for UFO Studies) is founded.

Dr. J. Allen Hynek’s crown jewel forms to undo the damage of Project Blue Book.

> 15 sec

11:50:15

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) becomes law.

New tool captures documents and some clues while drawing attention from media.

> 15 sec

11:50:00

NICAP, possibly from being heavily infiltrated by the CIA, is dissolved.

Perhaps the third most significant injury to the American social contract as part of the cover-up, it ended the first era of open engagement of the issue by mainstream science and along with Dr. James McDonald's fall and suicide, drove scientists away in fear for decades.

< 20 sec

11:50:20

Atmospheric physicist Dr. James E. McDonald commits suicide.  Details.

No one before or since has done more to bring the science of UFO sightings before mainstream scientists.   His direct research was of the highest caliber.    His efforts coming at a time before the full force and extent of the truth embargo was in place could well have ended the UFO cover-up.  The efforts of the government to embarrass, harass and demean this fine scientist prior to his suicide significantly chilled the interest of other mainstream scientists to engage the issue.  His life was wonderfully chronicled in Firestorm by Anne Druffel.

< 10 sec

11:50:30

Dr. J. Allen Hynek publicly changes his position on UFOs by 180°.

The foreword to this world view change by Dr. J. Allen Hynek and the intense debate between Hynek and Dr. James McDonald are wonderfully accounted for in Ann Druffel's book Firestorm.

> 30 sec

11:50:00

U. S. Air Force’s Project Blue Book is closed down.

Major event used by the media to justify withdrawing from serious investigation of the phenomena and stifling political activism.

< 90 sec

11:51:30

MUFON (Mutual UFO Network) is founded.

The world’s largest UFO grouping creates new stability within the field and puts out a journal inciting a higher level of written research.

> 30 sec

11:51:00

House Committee on Science & Astronautics holds symposium on UFOs

This second limited hearing once again produced little solid results which had the effect of once again taking media focus away from the issue for some time.

< 30 sec

11:51:30

Betty and Barney Hill case is published in Look Magazine.

The first broad introduction to the general public of the abduction phenomenon takes place in a respected magazine and opens the door for others to come forward.

> 20 sec

11:51:10

House Committee on Armed Services holds hearing on UFO evidence.

Highly controlled presentation with few witnesses has the effect of putting the issue to bed for many in the public and the media.

< 30 sec

11:51:40

Ann Arbor, MI sighting leads to Dr. J. Allen Hynek’s famous "Swamp Gas" explanation.

Hallmark comment significantly raises the public’s skepticism regarding the government’s sincerity toward investigating the phenomenon.

> 20 sec

11:51:20

Brookings Report entitled "Proposed Studies on the Implications of Peaceful Space Activities for Human Affairs" is delivered to NASA.

This report provides the intellectual foundation for a formal secrecy posture and swings the balance of power to the those demanding such.

< 2 min

11:53:20

NICAP (National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena) founded.

A new national, citizens research group brings more public into the field.

> 10 sec

11:53:20

The CIA convenes the Robertson Panel and the era of officially sponsored debunking begins.

Created in response to the public concerns over the 1952 Washington sightings, the Robertson Panel (as it came to be called) advised 1) UFOs are not a threat to national security, 2) the public interest in and reporting of UFOs was a threat to national security, and 3) called for the debunking, infiltration and disinformation to disrupt this public interest.  It represents one of the greatest injuries to the American social contract since the founding of the republic.

< 20 sec

11:52:50

UFO sighting over the city of Washington, DC.

Sighting nearly triggers direct political action and creates a furor of public interest.

> 40 sec

11:52:10

The Aerial Phenomena Research Organization (APRO) is founded.

An important structure is created for citizen research.

> 10 sec

11:52:00

The Space Brothers - revelations by George Adamski and others.

The revelations of "contactees" coupled with exceptionally silly sci-fi movies neutralizes the serious perception of the UFO issue - major setback.

< 60 sec

11:53:30

Paul Trent takes two pictures of a metallic disk over his farm in McMinnville, Oregon.

If a picture is worth a thousand words, in this case two pictures were worth a thousand sightings.  These are the first photos of a UFO to receive wide distribution.  They significantly raise the public awareness and desire to get more photos.

. > 20 sec

11:52:40

The first government study of the UFO phenomenon, the Air Force's Project Sign, submits its "Estimate of the Situation" which endorses the extraterrestrial hypothesis, and the report is rejected by General Hoyt S. Vandenberg.

The rejection of Projects Sign's findings is the second significant act of cover-up by the government after the substitution of a weather balloon explanation by General Roger Ramey for the Roswell crash explanation.

< 20 sec

11:53:00

The Paradigm Clock initial setting is pegged to the press announcement of a crashed "saucer" outside Roswell, New Mexico and matches the initial setting of the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists Doomsday Clock.

This historic event formally marries the UFO sighting evidence with government action and posture and begins the long political process of disclosure. It is quite likely the world was at this moment very close to formal engagement of the extraterrestrial presence and something went terribly wrong

> 8 min

11:45:00

Modern era of extraterrestrial related phenomena begins with the sightings of "saucers" by Kenneth Arnold - neutral time set

A new reality is introduced to a content public rejoicing in their nation’s success in war and a growing prosperity. The coming secret empire is inconceivable.

base
setting

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